It’s estimated that 70% of Sierra Leone’s population lives at the impoverished level of $2 USD/day or less. This is sometimes globally called the bottom billion, the lowest tier on the ladder of the world’s seven billion population.
This is true of rural Bumpeh Chiefdom. As you move into more remote villages, the percent no doubt climbs above 70% to most if not all of these communities. With this kind of poverty comes lack of education.
If you want to provide adult literacy education, where do you start? Literally, where should you begin in this kind of environment?
A good place is to know the group you aim to educate. This is where Rotifunk’s Center for Empowerment and Transformation, a local all-volunteer group of Rotifunk teachers is beginning their work on adult literacy.
Shortly after Prosperity Girls High School Principal, Rosaline Kaimbay came to Rotifunk to begin her work on the school, adults expressed their interest in learning to read and write. Others had attended school, but had to drop out and wanted to continue and develop skills to join the job market. Or to help their own children as they progress through school. The Center for Community Empowerment and Transformation has made adult literacy for these people a cornerstone of the Center’s work.
I asked about a profile of the current adult learners. All are now women; hopefully the men will follow. The majority of the women are single heads of household, divorced, separated or widowed. They are mainly in their mid-30’s, but range from 20 years old and up. This is the group that would have had their schools abruptly shut or interrupted during Sierra Leone’s civil war when towns and villages were abandoned to rebel fighting. In the early years of rebuilding following the war, schooling would have either not yet been available, or the cost beyond the reach of rural families. Girls’ education would traditionally have been given low priority, especially as a girl approached marriageable age.
Women fetching water for their vegetable garden.
Early primary school learning for these women has long been lost and forgotten. They moved on with their lives in the footsteps of their mothers and grandmothers, doing the work available in a subsistence agriculture community. They became small traders and small farmers.
In one way or another, 70% of Sierra Leone’s population is involved in agriculture. Either they grow things themselves, or they are small traders who buy agricultural products like rice, palm oil and vegetables in quantity from small farms and bring them to resell in larger village and town markets.
Small traders may also buy “general store” items in larger towns to resell in local markets – cooking utensils, plastic buckets and basins, soap, batteries, plastic sandals, cloth and so on.
These are working women, working in what’s called the informal economy. It’s the economy of small farmers whose schedules are driven by the planting and harvesting seasons, and of small traders who must be available for market days in towns and villages where they sell their wares. They need knowledge that will help them improve their current lives, and on a flexible schedule.
Small trader selling smoked fish in Rotifunk’s market.
Traditional reading and writing is not the first priority for these women. The typical classroom reading, grammar and writing kind of stuff that you get over twelve years of public education is not of immediate use to them. Basic arithmetic is a priority. Vocational skills tailored to their kind of work are another need.
The volunteer teachers at the Center for Community Empowerment and Transformation are embarking on a “functional adult literacy” program. They will teach their adult learners what they need to know to successfully conduct their business and improve their lives.
Traders need to know basic computations to ensure they’re getting the best price for their goods, how to calculate interest for the small loans they invariably take (or maybe give to friends), and skills on how to better market the goods they sell.
Small farmers need to know about applying fertilizer and manure, when and how much, and how to “add value” to their agricultural products by further processing or packaging to get a better price.
They would all like to know more about female reproductive health and social skills to better manage conflicts (known here as palavers), useful when you’re living in the confines of a small village. And they’re enjoying recreation organized specifically for them – women’s football (soccer) teams. Where else would a village mother find the time (or give herself the permission) to play sports and release the pent up stress of living in poverty and develop the camaraderie of a group of peer women.
There’s no curriculum for this kind of functional learning, so the Center’s volunteer teachers will develop their own lessons. Experienced teachers know how to do this, and build as they go. They understand these things when they lived embedded in the community with their students, and are committed to working with them.
Now, how to give these women the time from their busy lives to take advantage and improve themselves? Sound familiar? I have no doubt this program will grow and the merits be known by word of mouth from the initial group of students. Success breeds more success.